diaspora

The Greek for dispersion, and used of Jewish people scattered round the world, outside Palestine. The emigration began with the deportations to Assyria (8th cent. BCE) and Babylon (6th cent. BCE). Many comfortable families preferred to remain in Babylon where they were successfully trading within the Persian Empire and with Egypt rather than take part in a Return to Jerusalem with the agreement of Cyrus Ⅱ. Their descendants between 500 and 600 CE produced the Babylonian Talmud. In the Roman Empire Jews were settled in every main city (John 7:35) often (as at Alexandria) occupying their own quarter with their own local administration centred on a synagogue. Their language was Greek, and the Greek translation of the OT (the Septuagint, LXX) was undertaken at Alexandria in the third cent. BCE.
The Jews of the Dispersion maintained links of loyalty with Jerusalem, paying a half-shekel tax and visiting the Temple when possible (Acts 2:9–11). In the 1st cent. CE the tax was set at two drachmas per head. After the destruction of the Temple (70 CE), the Romans ordered the tax to be transferred to the temple of Jupiter Capitolinus, and the discussion in Matt. 17:24–7 may reflect the dilemma of the Church of that generation whether or not to pay it.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • DIASPORA — À la différence du mot hébreu galout («exil»), qui se rattache à la nostalgie des origines, à la théologie du retour, aux thèses sionistes, le terme grec diaspora renvoie objectivement au phénomène historique de la dispersion des juifs à travers… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Diaspora — • The name given to the countries (outside of Palestine) through which the Jews were dispersed, and secondarily to the Jews living in those countries Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Diaspora     Diaspora …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Diáspora — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Diáspora (desambiguación). Diáspora (griego: διασπορά [diasporá], dispersión )? es la dispersión de grupos étnicos o religiosos que han abandonado su lugar de procedencia… …   Wikipedia Español

  • diaspora — diaspora, diaspora studies A diaspora is a dispersion of people throughout the world. The term was first applied collectively to the Jews scattered after the Babylonian captivity, and in the modern period to Jews living outside of Palestine and… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Diaspora — Sf (Lebensraum einer) konfessionellen bzw. ethnischen Minderheit per. Wortschatz fach. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus kirchen l. diaspora, dieses aus ntl. gr. diasporá (ursprünglich die außerhalb Judäas lebenden Juden ), eigentlich… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Diaspora — Diaspora: Diaspora  дебютный альбом Наташи Атлас. Diaspora (англ.)русск.  компьютерная игра жанра MMORPG. Diaspora  распределённая социальная сеть, построенная на основе одноимённого ПО …   Википедия

  • diaspora — DIÁSPORA s.f. 1. Totalitatea comunităţilor evreieşti dispersate ca urmare a distrugerii Ierusalimului şi alungării populaţiei de Nabucodonosor II, regele Babilonului. 2. p. ext. Grup etnic aflat în afara graniţelor ţării de origine. [pr.: di a ]… …   Dicționar Român

  • Diaspora* — may refer to: Diaspora (social network) Diaspora (software) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point …   Wikipedia

  • diasporă — DIÁSPORĂ f. Grup etnic aflat în afara graniţelor ţării de origine. Diaspora românească din Canada. [Sil. di as ] /<fr. diaspora Trimis de siveco, 30.04.2008. Sursa: NODEX …   Dicționar Român

  • diaspora — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. ż Ia, CMc, diasporaorze, blm {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} rozproszenie jakiegoś narodu wśród innych lub wyznawców jakiejś religii wśród wyznawców innych religii, spowodowane zwykle… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • diáspora — sustantivo femenino 1. Uso/registro: elevado. Dispersión del pueblo por diversos lugares del mundo: La diáspora es un tema repetido de algunos escritores judíos. 2. Uso/registro: elevado. Dispersión de un conjunto numeroso de personas: En… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

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